Show-Me Ancestors

Lodenkamper / Lodenkemper

A family named Lodenkemper immigrated to St. Louis, Missouri in the 1840s.  Over time the spelling changed to Lodenkamper.  The origin of this family is a mystery.

Database Read More
Shrine of St. Joseph in St. Louis, Missouri


Family Summary

Where was the Lodenkemper family from in Germany? was the Lodenkemper family from?




The Brick Wall

  • All people named Lodenkemper in St. Louis, Missouri, in the 1840s and 1850s were likely from the same family, but key documents have not been found to confirm this theory.
  • No documents have been found in St. Louis to indicate where the Lodenkemper family came from in Germany or when they left.
  • Most Lodenkemper and related baptisms and marriages in St. Louis took place at St. Joseph Catholic Church.
  • None of the St. Louis Lodenkempers have been found on a ship's passenger list.

The Name

  • Lodenkemper, Loddenkemper, Lodenkämper and Lodenkamper are all variations of this family's name.
  • Lodenkemper and Lodenkämper seem to have been the most common spellings in civil and church records during the family's early years in St. Louis.
  • Lodenkamper became the preferred spelling by descendants of the St. Louis immigrants.
  • In modern Germany the name is usually found spelled as Lodenkemper or Loddenkemper and is most often associated with a region in northwest Germany between the German-Dutch border to the west and Paderborn to the east.  Coincidentally, or not, this same region is where Wilhelm Holtermann, husband of Dorothea Lodenkemper, was from and possibly where Stephan Witlake, husband of Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper, may have been from as well.
  • Researchers from this region in Germany caution that names changed often in this area due to an old tradition of surnames remaining with a farm and that records will have to be inspected carefully to determine if they truly describe the St. Louis immigrants.
  • Additional variations in spelling, such as Laukemper, must also be researched.

Bernhard Lodenkemper's Family

  • Bernhard Lodenkemper, wife Maria Catharina Friederike Müller, and sons Ferdinand, Johann "John" and Georg Wilhelm "William" settled in the north downtown area of St. Louis by 1845.
  • An 1845 city census of St. Louis lists Bernard Lodenkamper as a laborer and head of a household on city block 561.  Although not listed by name, it is presumed that Bernhard's wife and three sons are the woman and young boys tallied in his home.  There were, however, two men and a young woman also counted as living in Bernhard's home.  It is unclear who they were.
  • The 1845 city directory of St. Louis lists Bernhard Lodenkemper twice: on page 105 as "Ledenkampf B" and page 110 as "Lodencampf Bernard."  In both instances he was noted as a wood sawyer who resided on the east side of 11th Street south of Biddle.
  • Bernhard Lodenkemper's death was recorded in the records of the Old Cathedral in downtown St. Louis.  He died on 15 June 1846.
  • Bernhard's widow and children have not been located in the 1850 federal census of St. Louis.
  • William Lodenkamper married Maria Gertrud Clar on 1 February 1859.
  • In a double wedding, Ferdinand Lodenkamper married Anna Catharina Potz and brother Johann Lodenkamper married Maria Clara Potz, sister of Ferdinand's wife, on 23 October 1860.
  • Maria (Müller) Lodenkemper is listed in both the 1860 and 1870 federal census, as well as the 1851, 1857, 1868 and 1871 city directories.
  • Maria (Müller) Lodenkemper died on 28 February 1873.
  • Ferdinand Lodenkamper is the only one of the immigrants to have lived past 1900 when federal census records started to ask when people immigrated.  The 1900 census notes that Ferdinand immigrated in 1842.

The Other Lodenkempers in St. Louis

  • Dorothea Lodenkemper was the wife of Wilhelm Holtermann.  She died 21 July 1868 at the age of 46 years and 11 months, putting her birth in 1821.  A marriage record between Dorothea and Wilhelm has not been found.  Dorothea first appears by name in the 1845 baptism of her oldest son Clement August Holtermann.  Her other children were Catharina Elisabeth Holtermann, Franz Ferdinand Holtermann, Maria Catharina Holtermann, Friederike Elisabeth Holtermann, Johann Anton Holtermann, Johann Wilhelm Holtermann, Margaretha Maria Holtermann and Anna Maria Holtermann.  [DNA match: The author of this site, his mother and nephew — all descendants of Dorothea and her daughter Friederike Elisabeth (Holtermann) Ebert — have been DNA matched to descendants of Bernhard Lodenkemper's son Ferdinand.]
  • Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper was the wife of Stephan Witlake.  They were married on 24 April 1844 in St. Louis and had a daughter, Maria, born in 1845.  Maria Elisabeth died before her daughter's marriage in 1863.
  • Maria Catharina Lodenkemper was the wife of Bernhard Heinrich Lake.  They were married on 12 July 1858 in St. Louis.  Maria Catharina was born circa June 1839 and died 1 December 1886.  Census records indicate that Maria Catharina was born in Missouri, however no Lodenkempers have been found in the 1840 federal census of St. Louis.  Her children were Johann Stephan Lake, Johann Heinrich Lake, Maria Catharina Lake, Maria Anna Adelheid Lake, Johann Bernhard Lake, Hermann Joseph Lake, Maria Elisabeth Lake, Maria Agnes Lake and Elisabeth Margaretha Lake.
  • Little is known about Stephan Lodenkemper.  Supposedly born in Missouri in 1840, Stephan's name appears in just a few records: witness to a marriage in 1858, sponsor for a child's baptism in 1861, the Civil War draft in 1863, and a St. Louis city directory in 1873.  Stephan likely died in 1873, as evidenced by a probate case file from that year and the absence of his name after that point.  Oddly, though, no civil or church death/burial record has yet been found.

Connections
Examination of Catholic records from downtown St. Louis show numerous instances of involvement between various Lodenkempers, their in-laws and probable family members.  The exact connection between some of these individuals is currently unknown, but it appears that the "other" Lodenkempers were either children of Bernhard Lodenkemper or perhaps his nieces and nephews.  The Lodenkamper / Lodenkemper name was rarely found in the United States in the 1840-1875 era.  It is highly unlikely these people were not related yet were named as godparents during baptisms or witnesses to a marriage of a fellow church member by the same name.

  • 1845 - Maria (Müller) Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Maria Witlake, daughter of Stephan Witlake and Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper.
  • 1845 - Bernhard Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Clement August Holtermann, son of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.
  • 1846 - Stephan Witlake, husband of Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper, was the sponsor/godparent of Catharina Elisabeth Holtermann, daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.
  • 1848 - Ferdinand Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Frank Ferdinand Holtermann, son of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.
  • 1850 - Maria (Müller) Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Maria Catharina Holtermann, daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.
  • 1855 - Johann Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Johann Anton Holtermann, son of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.
  • 1858 - Stephan Lodenkemper was a witness to the marriage of Bernhard Heinrich Lake and Maria Catharina Lodenkemper.
  • 1861 - Stephan Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Johann Stephan Lake, son of Bernhard Heinrich Lake and Maria Catharina Lodenkemper.
  • 1861 - Maria Witlake was the sponsor/godparent of Maria Catharina Lodenkamper, daughter of Ferdinand Lodenkamper and Anna Catharina Potz.
  • 1862 - Maria Witlake, daughter of Stephan Witlake and Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper, was the sponsor/godparent of Anna Maria Holtermann, daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.
  • 1863 - Catharina Holtermann was the sponsor/godparent of Anna Catharina Lodenkamper, daughter of William Lodenkamper and Maria Gertrud Clar.  (Catharina Holtermann may have been the oldest daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.)
  • 1863 - Catharina Holtermann was a witness to the marriage of Heinrich Georg Wülling and Maria Witlake, daughter of Stephan Witlake and Maria Elisabeth Lodenkamper.  (Catharina Holtermann may have been the oldest daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.)
  • 1864 - Catharina Holtermann was the sponsor/godparent of Johann Heinrich Lodenkamper, son of Ferdinand Lodenkamper and Anna Catharina Potz.  (Catharina Holtermann may have been the oldest daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.)
  • 1864 - Maria (Witlake) Wülling, daughter of Stephan Witlake and Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper, was the sponsor/godparent of Ferdinand Wilhelm Lodenkamper, son of John Lodenkamper and Maria Clara Potz.
  • 1865 - Wilhelm Holtermann, husband of Dorothea Lodenkemper, was the sponsor/godparent of Maria Catharina Wülling, daughter of Heinrich Georg Wülling and Maria Elisabeth Witlake.
  • 1867 - Stephan Witlake, husband of Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper, was the sponsor/godparent of Maria Catharina Lodenkamper, daughter of John Lodenkamper and Maria Clara Potz.
  • 1867 - Stephan Witlake and Dorothea (Lodenkemper) Holtermann were sponsors/godparents of Stephan Lodenkamper, son of William Lodenkamper and Maria Gertrud Clar.
  • 1867 - Dorothea (Lodenkemper) Holtermann and Ferdinand Lodenkemper were the sponsors/godparents of Anna Dorothea Wülling, daughter of Heinrich Georg Wülling and Maria Elisabeth Witlake.
  • 1869 - Heinrich Wülling was the sponsor/godparent of Maria Elisabeth Lodenkamper, daughter of John Lodenkamper and Maria Clara Potz.  (Wülling was the husband of Maria Witlake, whose mother was Maria Elisabeth Lodenkemper.)
  • 1869 - Elisabeth Holtermann was the sponsor/godparent of Johann Alois Lodenkamper, son of William Lodenkamper and Maria Gertrud Clar.  (Elisabeth Holtermann was likely Friederike Elisabeth Holtermann, daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.)
  • 1867 - Clara (Potz) Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Johann Bernhard Wülling, son of Heinrich Georg Wülling and Maria Elisabeth Witlake.
  • 1871 - Wilhelm Holtermann, husband of Dorothea Lodenkemper, was the sponsor/godparent of Wilhelm Ludwig Lodenkamper, son of William Lodenkamper and Maria Gertrud Clar.
  • 1872 - Maria (Müller) Lodenkemper was the sponsor/godparent of Elisabeth Clara Wülling, daughter of Heinrich Georg Wülling and Maria Elisabeth Witlake.
  • 1873 - Clement August Holtermann was the sponsor/godparent of August Ludwig Lodenkamper, son of William Lodenkamper and Maria Gertrud Clar.
  • 1875 - Elisabeth Ebert was the sponsor/godparent of Agatha Elisabeth Lodenkamper, daughter of William Lodenkamper and Maria Gertrud Clar.  (Friederike Elisabeth Holtermann, wife of Martin Ebert, was the daughter of Wilhelm Holtermann and Dorothea Lodenkemper.)


Database